The War to Curtail Faster Internet Access

As many new homeowners, and even business owners, have discovered recently, AT&T (our local incumbent telephone company) is dropping the ball big time when it comes to DSL service. Also, the telcos and the cable companies, Comcast in particular, are fighting gigabit fiber optic network construction across the country. They are loud, and can have clout.

Two articles appeared this week which reveal the war that is being waged in the name of profit. Customer service be damned.

The first one is on and titled “AT&T Tries to Keep the Axing of Millions of DSL Users a Secret.” At Spiral Internet, we are finding that as home owners and businesses move out of locations which previously had access to DSL service, the new owner moves in and DSL access disappears. This is happening across western Nevada County at an alarming rate.

The second article is on ArsTechnica and titled “AT&T and Verizon say 10Mbps is too fast for ‘broadband,’ 4Mbps is enough.” It reports about the fight that is being waged with the FCC which is suggesting that we might actually need much faster service than the miserable 4Mbps downstream / 1 Mbps upstream speeds that are currently standard for describing a “broadband” connection.

The good news here in western Nevada County is that Spiral Internet‘s gigabit fiber optic project — which will bring symmetrical and wired Gigabit service to 2,900 households and 300 businesses to start — is finally on track to be funded later this year. And yes, just like Google is delivering to Kansas City, Austin and Provo; we are fulfilling the promise of 95959google here. Stay tuned, as we’ll be posting further information in the weeks to follow.

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Coffee to the Home

Every once in a while in this long process to bring gigabit fiber optic connectivity to Nevada County, we need to laugh. Google keeps upping the ante. Maybe Spiral will too … the future is clearly “coffee to the home”.

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The Long Road to Building a Gigabit Fiber Optic Network

On February 1, 2013, Spiral Internet submitted a California Advanced Services Fund (CASF) grant application to the California Public Utilities Commission (CPUC) to build a phase one $27.5M gigabit fiber to the home (FTTH) project. We titled it the Nevada County Connected Project. Yes, just like what Google Fiber is doing in Kansas City, Austin, Provo and now multiple other urban areas. For this project, 60% of the funding would come from CASF, and the remaining matching amount raised by private investment.

In order to determine the best way to start, we hired a Maryland-based firm in early 2012 that ran us (and western Nevada County) through a rather vigorous feasibility study. In the end they identified, and we agreed, that we would start in a 26 square mile area in the southeastern part of the county. It is a “u” shaped area that starts at Whispering Pines / Crown Point Circle / Loma Rica Road in the north; down Brunswick Rd / Hwy 174 to the Placer County border on its eastern side; and on the western side down La Barr Meadows Road / Dog Bar Road (to the east of Alta Sierra) ending in the Lodestar area. The project will provide ultra high speed Internet access to 3,400 households and 400 business; each with a 100% fiber optic connection to symmetrical gigabit speeds.

Out the door, we were told by the CPUC staff that we submitted the best grant application they had seen. We were thrilled about that. As each submitted grant application allows the incumbent providers to challenge it, we were also told that we were one of the most challenged projects. There was a deep group sigh about that, but we were undaunted.

Refuting those assertions required vigorous testing of cellular signals (driving every road and showing that one could barely make a 3G telephone call in the area) and hundreds of calls to cable company customer support (to show their real borders). Late last summer, we effectively pushed away the challenges from Comcast, Suddenlink and Verizon Wireless.

The only other incumbents who could potentially challenge the project were the existing fixed wireless providers. These wireless Internet service providers (WISPs) broadcast Internet access from local hilltops or, sometimes, existing towers. Out the door, DigitalPath supported the Spiral project knowing that ubiquitous fixed wireless Internet service is incredibly difficult to provide in the area due to high forestation and geographic diversity (i.e. hills and canyons). Unfortunately, SmarterBroadband chose to challenge the project full on.

Now, you may — or may not — know that SmarterBroadband received an American Recovery and Reinvestment Act $1.87M grant / $600k loan in September 2010. That project is described as follows on the ARRA website:

The SmarterBroadband Project by SmarterBroadband, Inc. of Grass Valley, California, in Nevada County, will bring high quality fixed wireless service to one of the more geographically challenging areas in California. The SmarterBroadband Project covers 435 square miles of rural, mountainous, and wooded territory and will deliver speeds up to 6 Mbps and more to residents, businesses and critical community facilities in this largely underserved area. Wireless Access Points for customer connections will enable 6Mbps plus to the end user. Licensed backhauls will form a high speed carrier grade ring between major sites to ensure maximum uptime. Two independent Internet Backbone connections will provide internet connectivity redundancy.

The SmarterBroadband Project is required to be completed by September 2015. It is now almost 3 1/2 years along, with 18 months to go. Upon completion — according to the ARRA funding guidelines — the project is required to be able to connect the 25,000 “underserved” households (data provided by Nevada County GIS team) within the 435 square mile project area with 6Mbps downstream and 3 Mbps upstream speeds. You can see the project’s progress on the website, by clicking here.

Clearly that would be wonderful for western Nevada County, if it was even remotely attainable. Currently, SmarterBroadband provides service to only 6% of those potential customers. (This calculation is based on SmarterBroadband owner Adam Brodel’s statement in the March 6, 2014 issue of The Union that “we have 1,500 customers.”) Now remember, not all of those customers have access to the required “line-of-sight” needed for that fastest access; often relegated to much slower 1 Mbps or even 768 kbps or 512 kbps downstream  and 256 kbps upstream speeds (as posted on the SmarterBroadband website).

There is no question that it is a daunting task to provide 6 Mbps downstream and 3 Mbps upstream fixed wireless Internet service to 25,000 households in western Nevada County terrain with a $2.4M budget. The real concern is will ARRA find itself with a failed project come September 2015.

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